Exodus 31:16 – “And the children of Yisra’ĕl shall guard the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant. Between Me and the children of Yisra’ĕl it is a sign forever. For in six days יהוה made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.”
This may raise the question concerning the words “children of Israel”. Does this passage effect those of Gentile background?
Are there commandments for Jews and commandments for Gentiles, or is all mankind under the same set of rules?
The answer is in the Olive Tree of Romans chapter 11, and is built on the following two sections of scripture:
Numbers 15:15-16 Spoken to the Hebrews concerning non-Hebrews keeping company with them. “One ordinance [shall be both] for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger that sojourneth [with you], an ordinance for ever in your generations: as ye [are], so shall the stranger be before Yahweh. One law and one manner shall be for you, and for the stranger that sojourneth with you.”
Ephesians 2:12-16 Spoken to non-Hebrew believers in Ephesus. “One law is for you of the assembly and for the stranger who sojourns with you – a law forever throughout your generations. As you are, so is the stranger before יהוה. One Torah and one right-ruling is for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you.”
So believers in Yahweh and the Messiah, whether Hebrew or non-Hebrew in background, are one people. There are not different rules for different people. Even non-believers are subject to Yahweh’s commandments and Torah [torah means guidance, direction, and teaching]; rejection of Yahweh’s guidance, direction, and teaching does not free one from accountability.